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Projects

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Immigration and the Political Sustainability of the Welfare State

Schedule: October 2014-December 2016
Employer: Forskningsrådet

Main Purpose

The main aim of the project is to improve our understanding of the impact of immigration on the political sustainability of the welfare state.

Part one

In one part of the project we examine the political sustainability by exploring the relationship between voters' anti-immigrant sentiments and their welfare state preferences.

Part two

In the second part of the project we examine the political sustainability by exploring the impact of immigration on voting and the generosity of the welfare state.

More information and a list of publications can be found in Prosjektbanken (the Norwegian Research Council).

Researchers: Henning Finseraas, Axel West Pedersen, Magnus Bergli Rasmussen, Ann-Helén Bay, Andreas Kotsadam

The Norwegian National Election Studies (NNES) of 2017 and 2021

Schedule: January 2016-december 2023
Employer: Norges forskningsråd

valg_storting_colourbox_crop

Photo: Colourbox.

Main Purpose

The Norwegian National Election Studies (NNES) is an ongoing research project, the main purposes of which are to analyze elections, election results, voter behavior, and voter attitudes over time.

The 2017 and 2021 NNES will provide both continuity and innovation to Norwegian electoral research.

1st Project Aim

We aim, first, to build on previous research and to provide continuity with respect to institutional affiliation, research design, data-collection methods, and analyses of voter behavior. The project will continue to be led by the Institute for Social Research, in close collaboration with the Department of Political Science at the University of Oslo, and with partners at both the University of Bergen and the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (in Trondheim).

We will continue using a large-scale post-election survey as the main data source in the project.

The main publication will be a book in Norwegian that aims to combine high-quality research with accessible writing.

2nd Project Aim

An equally important aim of the 2017 and 2021 NNES is to renew the field of election studies in Norway and to enable innovation in research questions, methods, and designs. Starting with the 2017 election, we will introduce a campaign study as a regular part of the National Election Studies.

We also plan a renewal of the study of election turnout, using experimental methods and data from the electronic electoral roll that the Norwegian government is gradually implementing and making available to researchers.

In the upcoming 2017 election, we will conduct a study of rightwing populism and anti-immigrant mobilization.

Finally, it is important to note that politics in general, and particularly political elections, are unpredictable and prone to unexpected change. We need to be able to follow events as they happen, and to have resources available so that we can plan and execute new research efforts during the course of the project period.

Researchers: Johannes Bergh, Bernt Aardal, Rune Karlsen, Stine Hesstvedt, Anders Todal Jenssen, Toril Aalberg, Elisabeth Ivarsflaten, Dina Heider Hov

Researchers’ wage trajectories in the Norwegian labor market, 2004-2014

Schedule: September 2016-March 2017
Employer: Forskerforbundet

The Institute for Social Research (ISF) will conduct an analysis of researchers’ wage trajectories in the Norwegian labor market.

The analysis will extend a previous ISF report, Forskning eller høy lønn? Lønnsutviklingen for norske forskere, 1997-2003, by extending this work to the 2004-2014 period.

Literature review of research on hate speech

Schedule: May 2016-September 2016
Employer: Barne-, ungdoms og familiedirektoratet (Bufdir)

ISF_illustrasjon_Hatefulleytringer

The project has resulted in three reports:

Report 1

The first report gathers, summarises and evaluates research on:

  • The prevalence of hate speech online and developments over time
  • What groups are targets of hate speech
  • Who produces hate speech and what drives them
Report 2

Report 2 gathers, summarises and evaluates research on:

  • The relationship between hate speech and discrimination, bullying and violence
  • Research on the consequences of hate speech for the victims and for society
Report 3

The third report addresses:

  • How hate speech is defined and regulated in international and national law and in relevant court practice
  • Research on the relationship between freedom of speech and the protection from hate speech 
Researchers: Marjan Nadim, Audun Fladmoe (i permisjon), Jon Wessel-Aas, Helga Eggebø, Elisabeth Stubberud

Temporary employment and groups with a weak attachment to the labour market

Schedule: July 2016-Desember 2017
Employer: Arbeids- og sosialdepartementet

The purpose of the project is to map, analyze and find effects of temporary employment, with a special focus on whether the new general access to employ temporary workers from July 1. 2015 has given better job opportunities for groups with a weak attachment to the labour market.

We will map the extent and analyze the effects of temporary employment for individuals.

Further, we will investigate what characterizes firms who employ temporary workers and whether this has changed with the change in regulation. 

Hate speech and hate crime on the Internet

Schedule: February 2016-November 2016
Employer: Justis -og beredskapsdepartementet

ISF_illustrasjon_Hatefulleytringer

The project consists of three parts:

  1. Contributing to knowledge about the prevalence of hate speech online. This was achieved through an international literature review and new analyses of data from several relevant surveys conducted by ISF. 
     
  2. A legal discussion about the relationship between freedom of speech and the protection from hate speech.
     
  3. A small case study of the police’s work against hate speech online.
Researchers: Marjan Nadim, Audun Fladmoe (i permisjon), Jon Wessel-Aas

1+1 project

Schedule: 2016-2020
Employer: Norges forskningsråd

The purpose of the «1+1 project» is to investigate what happens to students’ abilities in mathematics if an additional teacher is used to providing them with small group instruction in mathematics. The project is aimed at students in lower elementary school.

The project will take place in ten large municipalities, geographically spread across the country. The participating municipalities are: Asker, Bærum, Bodø, Drammen, Sandefjord, Sarpsborg, Stavanger, Trondheim, Tromsø and Ålesund. All together the project includes 160 schools from the participating municipalities.

To investigate whether small group instruction in mathematics improves students’ abilities in mathematics, a randomized controlled trial will be carried out where the schools are separated into two groups of equal size – a treatment group and a comparison group. The schools in the treatment group will receive resources to hire an additional teacher, qualified to teach mathematics, while the schools in the comparison group continue as before. It is important that the schools are randomly assigned to the two groups so that the additional teacher is the only difference between the two groups.

By comparing students’ ability in mathematics at the beginning and end of each school year, we will be able to investigate the effect of small group instruction in mathematics on student’ learning. The project will continue for four school years (2016-2020) and will provide new knowledge on the effect of increasing teacher density in a Norwegian context.

See also:

The 1+1 project webpage

Education to work transitions: the role of work capacity, skills and health

Schedule: 2015-2019
Employer: Forskningsrådet

The potentially long lasting harmful consequences of unemployment and inactivity early in life, both for those affected by it and to the environment, are well documented. Youth in Europe have been particularly affected by the recent economic crisis (OECD 2010). Young people with reduced working capacity are particularly vulnerable. Youth unemployment and NEET (Not in Employment, Education, or Training) indicators are part of the new Scoreboard of key employment and social indicators which identify the major employment and social imbalances within the EU. Reducing school drop-out, enhancing labour market participation among those receiving disability benefits and encouraging labour market attachment among low skilled youth are three of twelve main skills challenges for Norway according to OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report for Norway (2014). In this project we aim to investigate these concerns.

Key questions in the project are: How does the transition between education and employment vary with physical and psychological health problems? How important is health and skills for explaining the relationship between not completing secondary school and later outcomes? Are young people in secondary school dropping out “too soon”, or is it beneficial for some to drop out when business cycles are favourable? How serious is it for later outcomes to be NEET at a young age, and how do outcomes vary with late completion of upper secondary school versus other training or work related experiences? Does the “Youth guarantee” for those with reduced work capacity help in the transition to education or work?

Social background, educational, vocational and benefit careers to persons with reduced working

Schedule: 2015-2017
Employer: Arbeids- og sosialdepartementet

The project has two main purposes. The first goal is to identify factors that may help to explain why some people are registered with reduced work ability, as well as identifying potential factors as well as success factors later in life. The second is to examine differences in the prediction value of different data sources. We will examine how far we can get using variables available in the administrative registers data for predicting the probability of being registered with reduced work capacity and how they fare in the recent labor market. We distinguish between data from NAV and data from other administrative sources typically provided by SSB. We will examine the differences in explanatory power between the various registers.

People with reduced work capacity is a very heterogeneous group. We focus on younger people, aged 18 to 29 years old, who are registered with reduced working capacity. This group is particularly interesting for several reasons: 1) circumstances and opportunities in the labor market varies enormously with age so that the data sources may have a lot to say for the predictions; 2) the importance of high quality and effective efforts targeted at youth is high on the political agenda in all countries, and 3) social and economic exclusion early in life predicts exclusion in adult age. By increasing the understanding of what determines who is registered with reduced work capacity at a relative young age, we will also help to increase the understanding of what can reduce exclusion amongst older people.

Researchers: Inés Hardoy, Sara Cools

Gender differences in occupational- and sectoral labour mobility in Norway

Schedule: 2015-2017
Employer: Arbeids- og sosialdepartementet

forskjeller_colourbox_crop2

Illustration: Colourbox.com

Project Purpose

The purpose of the project is to examine the degree of gender segregation in the Norwegian labour market since the beginning of the 1990s. 

Project Approach

The project is fourfold: First, to map and examine trends in labour mobility between occupations, industries and sectors, and to identify occupations and educations with high turnover.

Secondly, to quantify and get insight into the contribution from i) changes in labour demand and ii) labour supply.

Thirdly, the project will shed light on trends in gender segregations over the lifecycle.

Fourth, map and systematize scientific research in Europe, focusing on the Nordic countries.

In addition we will perform comparative empirical analysis on the labour mobility patterns in Europe.  The main contribution of this project is to measure developments in gender segregation in the labour market and in the educational sector, over a long period of time. To our knowledge, the latter exercise for the first time.